FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

WHAT IS A CATALYST?

Catalysts are the unsung heroes of the chemical reactions that make human society tick. A catalyst is a material that speeds up chemical reactions. With a helping hand from a catalyst, molecules that might take years to interact can now do so in seconds. Factories rely on catalysts to make everything from plastic to drugs. Catalysts help process petroleum and renewable feedstocks into liquid fuels. They’re key players in clean-energy technologies such as renewable diesel production. 

WHAT IS A HYDROTREATER?

A hydrotreater is a common piece of fossil and biofuel refining equipment. A hydrotreater involves high temperatures, pressures, and hydrogen alongside specialized catalysts to create hydrocarbon fuels while removing impurities such as oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur.

WHY IS THIS AN IMPORTANT PIECE OF THE FIGHT AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE?

WHY DOES OXYGEN REDUCTION MATTER?

The term "drop-in biofuel" refers to a product that is a direct replacement for fossil fuels. For a biofuel to be a "drop-in" replacement, the oxygen impurity must be removed. Renewable diesel feedstocks contain 10-18% oxygen compared to fossil fuels oxygen content of <1%. We help speed up this oxygen reduction step!

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RENEWABLE DIESEL AND BIO-DIESEL?

Bio-Diesel:

  • Made from high quality raw material such as vegetable oils or animal fats

  • Blended with petroleum diesel at 5-20%

  • High oxygen content

  • Freezing/storage issues

  • Higher emissions compared to renewable diesel

Renewable Diesel

  • Made from renewable sources such as waste cooking oils, animal fats, greases

  • "Drop-in" replacement to petroleum diesel

  • Oxygen removed

  • More profitable

  • Less emissions compared to bio-diesel

Clean Fuel Standards are performance  or volume based approaches designed to incent the innovation and adoption of clean technologies in the oil and gas sector and the development and use of low-carbon fuels throughout the economy. 

 

Examples of Clean Fuel Standards include: 

  • Canada’s Clean Fuel Standard coming online in 2022 and is modelled after British Columbia’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) 

  • California, Oregon, Washington have LCFS markets, other states are looking to adopt.

  • The European Union's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2

Fabulous. Let's talk.

Biofuels are renewable and sustainable. They are often created from landfill diverted inputs such as waste cooking oils, animal fats, wood waste and even municipal solid waste (MSW). Biofuels burn cleaner than fossil fuels. They don't produce sulfur or aromatics, so there's no unpleasant smell associated with burning biofuels. They still release greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide but do so at very reduced levels. 

According to NESTE, renewable diesel provides up to 90% less greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventional diesel.

 

Burning fossil fuel is the largest contributor to climate change. Renewable fuels are a key piece of the fight against climate change. Every liter of fossil fuel we replace with renewable diesel helps reduce climate change. 

WHAT ARE CLEAN FUEL STANDARDS, AND HOW ARE THEY DRIVING THE RENEWABLE DIESEL MARKET?

WHAT DO YOU MEAN NO CAPITAL INVESTMENT REQUIRED?

“No capital investment required” means that the end user of our catalyst, renewable diesel producers, do not need to alter their systems to utilize our product. NULIFE’s catalyst is designed to replace their existing catalyst in the hydrotreater unit. The catalyst beds are already there, you just swap us in! 

HOW MUCH DOES YOUR CATALYST COST?

Great question, please contact us to learn more.

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